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Observation Methods

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❶Participant observation underscores the person's role as participant in the social setting he or she observes. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

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Naturalistic Observation
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Controlled Observation

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What is Observational Research?

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Observation, as the name implies, is a way of collecting data through observing. Observation data collection method is classified as a participatory study, because the researcher has to immerse herself in the setting where her respondents are, while taking notes and/or recording.

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Observational research (or field research) is a type of correlational (i.e., non-experimental) research in which a researcher observes ongoing behavior. There are a variety of types of observational research, each of which has both strengths and weaknesses.

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Observation (watching what people do) would seem to be an obvious method of carrying out research in psychology. However, there are different types of observational methods and Author: Saul Mcleod. Observation is a systematic data collection approach. Researchers use all of their senses to examine people in natural settings or naturally occurring situations. () and for a discussion of participant observation as a methodology see Jorgensen (). When might observation be used? Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology. (pp.

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In the current research environment, its status seems to have changed, leading Adler and Adler to question whether observation is a research method “in . 3. The History of Participant Observation as a Method Participant observation is considered a staple in anthropological studies, especially in ethnographic studies, and has been used as a data collection method for over a century.