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Then, add sentences of background information to give your essay context, and include important dates, locations, or historical moments where applicable. Finally, include your thesis statement, which is a specific, arguable, and provable statement that answers a question about your essay topic.

For example, your thesis might read: The first sentence or two of your introduction should pull the reader in. You want anyone reading your essay to be fascinated, intrigued, or even outraged. You can't do this if you don't know who your likely readers are. If you write directly to your instructor, you'll end up glossing over some information that is necessary to show that you properly understand the subject of your essay.

It can be helpful to reverse-engineer your audience based on the subject matter of your essay. For example, if you're writing an essay about a women's health issue for a women's studies class, you might identify your audience as young women within the age range most affected by the issue. Use the element of surprise. A startling or shocking statistic can grab your audience's attention by immediately teaching them something they didn't know.

Having learned something new in the first sentence, people will be interested to see where you go next. If you're not sure, test it on a few friends. If they react by expressing shock or surprise, you know you've got something good. Use a fact or statistic that sets up your essay, not something you'll be using as evidence to prove your thesis statement.

Facts or statistics that demonstrate why your topic is important or should be important to your audience typically make good hooks. Tug at your reader's heart-strings. Particularly with personal or political essays, use your hook to get your reader emotionally involved in the subject matter of your story. You can do this by describing a related hardship or tragedy.

Offer a relevant example or anecdote. In your reading and research for your essay, you may have come across an entertaining or interesting anecdote that, while related, didn't really fit into the body of your essay. Such an anecdote can work great as a hook. Particularly with less formal papers or personal essays, humorous anecdotes can be particularly effective hooks.

Ask a thought-provoking question. If you're writing a persuasive essay, consider using a relevant question to draw your reader in and get them actively thinking about the subject of your essay. That's exactly what the leaders of the tiny island nation of Guam tried to answer.

Make sure to come up with your own intriguing question. In most cases, they'll actually hurt by making you look like an unoriginal or lazy writer. For example, "everyone wants someone to love" would alienate someone who identified as aromantic or asexual. Relate your hook to a larger topic.

The next part of your introduction explains to your reader how that hook connects to the rest of your essay. Start with a broader, more general scope to explain your hook's relevance. For example, if you related a story about one individual, but your essay isn't about them, you can relate the hook back to the larger topic with a sentence like "Tommy wasn't alone, however.

There were more than , dockworkers affected by that union strike. Provide necessary background information. While you're still keeping things relatively general, let your readers know anything that will be necessary for them to understand your main argument and the points you're making in your essay.

If you are writing an argumentative paper, make sure to explain both sides of the argument in a neutral or objective manner.

Define key terms for the purposes of your essay. Your topic may include broad concepts or terms of art that you will need to define for your reader. Your introduction isn't the place to reiterate basic dictionary definitions. However, if there is a key term that may be interpreted differently depending on the context, let your readers know how you're using that term.

Definitions also come in handy in legal or political essays, where a term may have different meanings depending on the context in which they are used. Move from the general to the specific. It can be helpful to think of your introduction as an upside-down pyramid. With your hook sitting on top, your introduction welcomes your readers to the broader world in which your thesis resides.

Draw your reader in gradually. For example, if you're writing an essay about drunk driving fatalities, you might start with an anecdote about a particular victim. Then you could provide national statistics, then narrow it down further to statistics for a particular gender or age group.

After you've set up the context within which you're making your argument, tell your readers the point of your essay. Use your thesis statement to directly communicate the unique point you will attempt to make through your essay.

Avoid including fluff such as "In this essay, I will attempt to show Your outline should be specific, unique, and provable. Through your essay, you'll make points that will show that your thesis statement is true — or at least persuade your readers that it's most likely true.

Describe how you're going to prove your point. Round out your introduction by providing your readers with a basic roadmap of what you will say in your essay to support your thesis statement. In most cases, this doesn't need to be more than a sentence. For example, if you're writing an essay about the unification of Italy, you might list 3 obstacles to unification. In the body of your essay, you would discuss details about how each of those obstacles was addressed or overcome.

Instead of just listing all of your supporting points, sum them up by stating "how" or "why" your thesis is true. For example, instead of saying, "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they distract students, promote cheating, and make too much noise," you might say "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they act as an obstacle to learning. Transition smoothly into the body of your essay. In many cases, you'll find that you can move straight from your introduction to the first paragraph of the body.

Some introductions, however, may require a short transitional sentence at the end to flow naturally into the rest of your essay. If you find yourself pausing or stumbling between the paragraphs, work in a transition to make the move smoother.

You can also have friends or family members read your easy. If they feel it's choppy or jumps from the introduction into the essay, see what you can do to smooth it out. Read essays by other writers in your discipline. What constitutes a good introduction will vary widely depending on your subject matter. A suitable introduction in one academic discipline may not work as well in another. Take note of conventions that are commonly used by writers in that discipline. Make a brief outline of the essay based on the information presented in the introduction.

Then look at that outline as you read the essay to see how the essay follows it to prove the writer's thesis statement. Keep your introduction short and simple. Generally, your introduction should be between 5 and 10 percent of the overall length of your essay. If you're writing a page paper, your introduction should be approximately 1 page.

Always follow your instructor's guidelines for length. These rules can vary at times based on genre or form of writing. Write your introduction after you write your essay. Some writers prefer to write the body of the essay first, then go back and write the introduction.

It's easier to present a summary of your essay when you've already written it. For example, you may realize that you're using a particular term that you need to define in your introduction. Revise your introduction to fit your essay. If you wrote your introduction first, go back and make sure your introduction provides an accurate roadmap of your completed paper. Even if you wrote an outline, you may have deviated from your original plans.

Given the shortness of the introduction, every sentence should be essential to your reader's understanding of your essay. Structure your introduction effectively. An essay introduction is fairly formulaic, and will have the same basic elements regardless of your subject matter or academic discipline. While it's short, it conveys a lot of information.

The next couple of sentences create a bridge between your hook and the overall topic of the rest of your essay. End your introduction with your thesis statement and a list of the points you will make in your essay to support or prove your thesis statement. I would first narrow your subject down to one sport so you can be more focused. Note that this will likely be an informative essay.

After you do this, an interesting hook statement may be an anecdote describing an intense moment in that chosen sport to get your audience interested. This can be made up or from your own experience with the sport. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 6. An effective hook statement to start your essay about this topic may be a statistic about HIV, or perhaps an anecdote about someone facing this diagnosis and trying to make positive lifestyle changes for their health.

Not Helpful 1 Helpful 5. Remember that you must always consider your reader. The introduction is a critical place to remember this. The jobs of an introduction include but are not limited to:. The middle part of the introduction helps to establish your ethos as a writer. In this case, ethos refers to your credibility, character, or reliability as a speaker about your topic.

In this middle section of your introduction, your job is to provide context or background that your reader will need to be ready to consider your thesis. By providing this context, you make yourself look more intelligent and credible as a speaker on the topic.

Next, you'll move on to your thesis statement , the core proposition of your argument. Basic Thesis Statement Help. A very basic but effective thesis statement is the "three prong" thesis. For most high school writing, it will suffice, though more sophisticated writers learn to transcend this. You might remember it's ancestor: This essential structure is fine, but you have to get away from the "my paper will be about" inclination.

Consider the thesis has being a fork: There is nothing magical about the number three, but it is considered a rhetorically "beautiful" number which offers a well structured argument. Check the prongs closely: In the example above, focus, talk, and struggle are all verbs. This leads to strong parallel construction in a thesis. A complete thesis can then be composed through a little math: Voila, a functional thesis.

Blood imagery in Macbeth most vividly symbolizes the effect guilt can have on a psyche when the main characters focus on the bloody daggers, talk of wading through blood, and struggle to remove the sight and smell of blood. The same pattern can apply to any essay which seeks to establish and prove a proposition:.

In this case, the first words of each prong are each adjectives. The completed thesis would therefore read as follows:.

The American government should increase funding for cancer research because increasing numbers of Americans are affected by cancer each year, innovative technologies require funding support and better understanding of cancer will lead to better preventive care. The result is a clear proposition and a succinct preview of what the argument will discuss.

What does the word "conclusion" really mean? What does it mean "to conclude"? Too often we think that it just means "to finish" or "to bring to a close. A conclusion, therefore, is not merely a summary of what you just wrote in your essay. A conclusion is a summary of what you just wrote in your essay AND a broader statement or inference based on the evidence and logic you've just provided. I particularly like the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's resource page about conclusions … read it!

I have found that this pattern seems to help construct conclusions which go beyond simply "summarizing":. Here is a document which shows a side-by-side literature based introduction and conclusion. If you do your own online searches for "essay help," be very careful that you don't drift into a "paper mill," where students buy and sell essays. Using an essay from the internet and passing it off as your own work is plagiarism , will be caught, and will be punished severely. As a reminder, my class policy on plagiarism is articulated in my syllabus see tab above.

If you're just looking for help, consider checking out the sites below:. If you find a link that you think is a great resource and which you find useful, email it to me! Powered by WordPress and the Graphene Theme. Table of contents for Essay Help: More to come soon, but here are a few forms which past students have found useful: Imagine… Funnel Generalization to Specificity: Since the dawn of mankind… Relevant Quotation rarely done well: The animals on Animal Farm… Startling Statement: Have you ever seen a pig walking on two legs?

11.2: What to include in the essay introduction

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Just as your introduction helps readers make the transition to your topic, your conclusion needs to help them return to their daily lives–but with a lasting sense of how what they have just read is useful or meaningful.

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Learn How to Write an Essay Introduction and Download Free Sample of Essay Introduction. Find some useful tips on a good introduction structure here.

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Introduction. The introduction should be designed to attract the reader's attention and give her an idea of the essay's focus. Begin with an attention grabber. History Essay Introduction justappclose.tk justappclose.tk In Love Writer De Botton Crossword justappclose.tk my college paper. An essay is a research project whose goal is to explore a phenomenon. The thesis is the backbone of the essay – it will be stated in the introduction. Essay help introduction paragraph.

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Home Writing Help Academic Essays The Introduction Paragraph(s) Writing Help Academic Essays by Adam Kissel The Introduction Paragraph(s) In a short essay, you have space for only a one-paragraph introduction. Once your essay gets beyond about 10 paragraphs, you can consider a two-paragraph introduction. The novel The Help by Kathryn Stockett takes place in Jackson, Mississippi, during the s. A period that saw the segregation of blacks and the superiority of whites.