Before someone can demonstrate compassion or sympathy, a certain degree of empathy must first be experienced. But, is it possible for someone to have too much empathy? Sympathy and empathy are two very different ways of approaching the emotional challenges faced by other people. Medical researchers have identified two different types of empathy [ 1 , 2 ]:.
When a person perceives another individual is in pain or suffering, the neural pain circuits in the brain are affected. At the first response when viewing someone in pain, the brain begins the process of resonance and it spurs the empathetic response. Empathy activates the inferior parietal lobule and interior frontal gyrus. Self-other discrimination is the ability to know the difference between the source of the stimuli as originating from the self or from someone else.
Self-other discrimination involves the following areas of the brain; inferior parietal cortex, extrastriate body area, ventral premotor cortex, the temporoparietal junction and posterior superior temporal sulcus. People with a high level of empathy often wind up helping others at the expense of their own needs, which can lead to a pattern of withdrawing when they are hurt or emotionally wounded.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM , published by the American Psychiatric Association offers information about the diagnostic criteria clinicians use to diagnose mental health disorders.
This sounds like your pneumonia is getting better. Depend on your age: It is really depend on your age, and the other circumstances that gut you to have this condition. It seems that tuberculosis has left a scar tissue in your lung. It will likely stay there for a while Apical pleural thickening is non specific but can mean possible previous infection, most common is tuberculosis. Hyperaeration if a real finding is seen in asthma and COPD.
Sometimes patients when told to take a deep breathe can over cooperate and simulate hyperaeration. Hyperaerated lungs and atelectasis can be signs of asthma and COPD. Bibasilar disease can sometimes represent superimposed community acquired pneumonia or mycoplasma infection. The lungs are the organ that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide with the blood. Breathing is the act of moving air into the lungs to perform this exchange. Care of Lung Disease: When someone needs to improve their lung function due to disease or genetics, rehabilitation is the care and treatment to improve lung function.
Examples of exercise would be breathing control, rib expansion, effective cough , and endurance training. COPD is a disease characterized by the presence of chronic, irreversible airway obstruction as measured by pulmonary function testing. The disease is incurable but there are treatments available so see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
The most important treatment is smoking cessation since smoking is the main etiology of this disease. Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring of the lung and comes in many types - some are amenable to treatment, some are not. It is often associated with pulm hypertension and not usually associated with pulm edema. Anyone with a diagnosis of pf should be seen by a pulmonologist so they can have their disease evaluated and poss treatments discussed. Fluid around lungs has many causes. It can be exudate thick i.
E pus from infection, malignancy etc or transudative heart failure. It may be treated based on the problem found by sampling thoracentesis. Labs on the fluid help the clinician determine the etiology. For recurring pleural fluid, sometime pleuradesis is necessary to hep prevent recurrance. Need diagnosis for proper resolution. The lungs fill up wi: The lungs are the organ that exchange oxygen and shouldn't have fluids. In pulmonary edema they fill up with fluids most commonly, from heart failure.
This causes shortness of breath. Other causes are kidney and liver failure. Low protein in blood or allergic reactions. Treatment usually require diuretics or water pills and treat the cause Valve in the heart: The heart has 4 chambers. The right ventricle is the pumping chamber whic h pushes blood into the lungs so oxygen can be put into the blood.
When the right ventricle squeezes, the pulmonary valve opens and blood flows into the lungs. When the right ventricle relaxes to fill, the pulmonary valve closes so blood can't flow backwards back into the heart. High BP in lungs: Pulmonary hypertension is elevated blood pressure in the lungs and can be a primary problem or due to other causes. The right side of the heart pumps blood to the lungs and if the BP in the lungs is elevated, the right side of the heart can often fail over time. Pulmonary hypertension can be difficult to diagnose and usually requires echocardiography cardiac ultrasound to diagnose.
Critical care is aka intensive care which covers a wide spectrum of care including pulmonary. Docs enter the field of critical care typically after doing training in anesthesia , surgery , medicine, and pulmonology. The latter group may use pulmonary critical care as they have more pulmonary training. Pulmonary function tests is a term used to describe a group of tests done to determine lung function. Spirometry measures the amount of air that can be taken in as well as the flow rate of forcefully exhaled air.
A graph is generated and can be used to determine lung function. Likewise lung volumes and diffusing capacity determine the capacity as well as the oxygen exchange function.
This is a respiratory illness contracted from Deer Mice, typically out west.
It can mean an abnormal range of movement, as in hyperextension of a joint, or an abnormally high pressure, as in hypertension. It is commonly used to indicate an abnormally high level of a substance in the body or in the blood, as in hypercholesterolaemia.
home / medterms medical dictionary a-z list / hyper- definition Medical Definition of Hyper- Hyper-: Prefix meaning high, beyond, excessive, or above normal, as in hyperglycemia (high sugar in the blood) and hypercalcemia (high calcium in the blood).
As is the case with the definition of hypo, hyper has maintained its original Greek meaning in modern English. Hyper also accompanies many medical conditions, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, hyperesthesia, hyperacidity, etc. The encryption process takes place with an aid of a switch which acts as the controller between the first hyper-chaotic signal and the second hyper-chaotic signal.
Definition of hyper 1: high-strung, excitable ; also: highly excited was a little hyper after drinking too much coffee. Define hyper. hyper synonyms, hyper pronunciation, hyper translation, English dictionary definition of hyper. adj. Slang 1. Having a very excitable or nervous temperament; high-strung. 2.