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How to End a Research Paper

Make Your Conclusion Effective

❶Connect to Theory The goal of a research paper is to summarize existing knowledge on a subject and, if possible, advance it.

Avoid Common Mistakes

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Tips and examples for writing your research paper conclusion can be found at the University of Houston Victoria Academic Center site: The last thing your reader will see is your research paper conclusion. It should impact the reader with a definite statement that communicates your main point without raising new questions.

It was somewhat useful. For more information on how to write an effective conclusion in your research paper, you can also use the 9-step writing guide by Questia to help you reiterate your main points from the paper.

Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting. Blog - Latest News You are here: You could summarize your main points but if you use this method then be sure to make your summary interesting rather than a just list of points.

Present a bold statement that takes your topic to a deeper meaning and state the overall importance of what you have said in your paper.

Conclude your paper by restating what you have found, acknowledge that there is more to be explored on the topic and briefly describe the issues that remain. Different Types of Papers Mean Different Conclusions If your paper was written to argue a point or to persuade the reader, then your conclusion will summarize the main points of your arguments presented in the paper.

Problem and Solution Another approach to the conclusion is to suggest a solution to the problem that you presented in your thesis. You might also like Research topic: Are home-grown hate groups our largest domestic terrorism threat?

Gustav Klimt artwork Woman in Gold term paper topic. Documentary film on James Baldwin offers research paper topics. Research Paper Topics on Antibiotic Resistance. Restate the thesis of your paper.

You should paraphrase the thesis statement at the beginning of your paper. Sum up all main points of your paper. You have to remind the reader what has already been said, outline research paper ideas.

Remember not to include any kind of new information in a closing paragraph. A call for action is a great move at the end of a paper thus showing that there is a need to conduct further research.

You can end research in a simple synthesis of information that paraphrases thesis and main points of your work. Link the conclusion with the beginning of your paper.

Learn how to begin an essay and know the ways how to write a strong conclusion. For instance, you can use a question at the beginning of the paper and answer it at the end. You can also conclude a paper with quotation from the primary reference source that underpins your main points. Make sure that the question can be answered by the evidence presented in your paper.

If desired, you can briefly summarize the answer after stating the question. You could also leave the question hanging for the reader to answer, though. If you are including a call to action in your conclusion, you could provide your reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further research. Even without a call to action, you can still make a recommendation to your reader. For instance, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more research.

Another example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the World Health Organization or research foundations which are developing new treatments for the disease.

Part 2 Quiz True or False: Avoid saying "in conclusion" or similar sayings. This includes "in summary" or "in closing. Moreover, using a phrase like "in conclusion" to begin your conclusion is a little too straight-forward and tends to lead to a weak conclusion. A strong conclusion can stand on its own without being labelled as such. Do not wait until the conclusion to state your thesis. While it may be tempting to save your thesis in order to create a dramatic end to your paper, doing so will create a paper that seems less cohesive and more unorganized.

Always state the main argument or thesis in the introduction. A research paper is an analytical discussion of an academic topic, not a mystery novel. A good, effective research paper will allow your reader to follow your main argument from start to finish. This is why it is best practice to start your paper with an introduction that states your main argument, and to end the paper with a conclusion that re-states your thesis for re-iteration.

Leave out new information. All significant information should be introduced in the body of the paper. Supporting evidence expands the topic of your paper by making it appear more detailed. A conclusion should narrow the topic to a more general point.

A conclusion should only summarize what you have already stated in the body of your paper. You may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the conclusion. Avoid changing the tone of the paper.

The tone of your research paper should be consistent the entire way through. Most often, a shift in tone occurs when a research paper with an academic tone is give an emotional or sentimental conclusion. Even if the topic of the paper is of personal significance for you, you should not indicate as much in your paper.

If you want to give your paper a more humanistic slant, you could start and end your paper with a story or anecdote that would give your topic more personal meaning to the reader. This tone should be consistent throughout the paper, however. Do not make statements that downplay your authority or discoveries. Apologetic statements include phrases like "I may not be an expert" or "This is only my opinion.

Avoid any statements in the first-person. First person is generally considered to be very informal and does not fit with the formal tone of a research paper. Part 3 Quiz How can you maintain a consistent tone throughout your paper? Write only in the first person. Use anecdotes throughout the text. Keep your arguments strictly academic.

Use the same verbs throughout your paper. Intros should be about sentences long, you want to pose and start your point but don't go into scrutinizing detail. Conclusions should be around , you are basically wrapping everything up so you want it short and sweet. Not Helpful 4 Helpful State your viewpoint on the main idea of your research paper. For example, if your paper is about endangered species and why they are becoming endangered and you feel it's due to neglect by world citizens, then that's your hypothesis: Not Helpful 9 Helpful How do I write a conclusion if my thesis is to prove or disprove something?

You should acknowledge the other side of the argument and discuss how your side is the "correct" one in the dispute; think of it like an "honorable mention.

Not Helpful 5 Helpful Start by introducing your topic and hypothesis, then state your research findings and write a conclusion. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Not Helpful 4 Helpful 8. Maybe just one or two, it's basically just the ending to wrap everything up. It doesn't have to be that long. Not Helpful 27 Helpful How can I make a conclusion in a research paper dealing with matters of environmental impact of agriculture?

Answer this question Flag as How to make a clear conclusion in a reasearch paper? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Quick Summary To write a conclusion for a research paper, start by restating your thesis statements. Did this summary help you? Essay Conclusions Research Papers In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,, times.

Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. BF Brooke Fuller Mar AS Ayesha Siddiquie Mar SL Sally Larrin Mar The steps were useful in helping me use the information I already had to make a coherent finish to the article. UA Ummay Aimen Sep 30, Part 1 helped a lot and also 'Common Pitfalls,' "In conclusion etc.

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How to end a research paper? The end is an important component of any research paper. Conclusion should connect all key elements of information offering the definitive outlook. The end must satisfy the reader with information on the matter. Write each key point to expose better how to end a research paper.

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A great research paper deserves a great conclusion, but writing a conclusion presents the challenge of connecting a thread through every major element of the paper. Since a research paper can be a lot of different things, from a summary of literature to a report on a new experience, there's no single best method for ending a paper.

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A research paper should end with a well-constructed conclusion. Many inexperienced writers underestimate the importance of having a solid conclusion to their paper. However, a paper that lacks a good conclusion will often seem incomplete to the reader and seriously detract from the quality of the paper. The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. This section also shouldn’t sound too dry.