Euthanasia is often mistaken or associated with for assisted suicide, a distant cousin of euthanasia, in which a person wishes to commit suicide but feels unable to perform the act alone because of a physical disability or lack of knowledge about the most effective means. An individual who assists a suicide victim in accomplishing that goal may or may not be held responsible for the death, depending on local laws.
There is a distinct difference between euthanasia and assisted suicide. This paper targets euthanasia; pros and cons, not assisted suicide. Doctors now possess the technologies and the skills to forestall natural death almost indefinitely. All too often, the terminally ill suffer needless pain and are kept alive without real hope, as families hold a harrowing deathwatch.
In ancient Greece and Rome it was permissible in some situations to help others die. For example, the Greek writer Plutarch mentioned that in Sparta, infanticide was practiced on children who lacked "health and vigor. Voluntary euthanasia for the elderly was an approved custom in several ancient societies. Euthanasia has been accepted both legally and morally in various forms in many societies. District Judge Barbara Rothstein wrote R Organizations supporting the legalization of voluntary euthanasia were established in Great Britain in and in the United States in They have gained some public support, but so far they have been unable to achieve their goal in either nation.
In the last few decades, Western laws against passive and voluntary euthanasia have slowly been eased 1. The proeuthanasia, or "right to die," movement has received considerable encouragement by the passage of laws in 40 states by , which allow legally competent individuals to make "living wills. Euthanasia continues to occur in all societies, including those in which it is held to be immoral and illegal. A medically assisted end to a meaningless and worthless "void" of an existence is both accepted and condoned by the medical profession.
Christianity, Judaism, and Islam all hold human life sacred and condemn euthanasia in any form. The American Medical Association continues to condemn assisted suicide. Western laws have generally considered the act of helping someone to die a form of homicide subject to legal sanctions. Even a passive withholding of help to prevent death has frequently been severely punished.
And the Roman Catholic Church's newly released catechism says: The Board of Trustees of the American Medical Association recommends that the American Medical Association reject euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide as being incompatible with the nature and purposes of the healing arts R This is a flight from the challenge of social compassion. The issue of euthanasia is not a recent one. The Oath of Hippocrates is said to have originated in approximately the fifth century B.
The family, friends or even foes of someone that elects to exercise their "right to die"? It is suggested that a person suffering from an incurable or terminal illness is not complete command of their mental faculties and thereby incapable of such an extraordinary decision. Surely a degraded mental capacity rules out realistic thinking with regard to survivors. How many "innocent bystanders" also pay the price of euthanasia?
Synthesis For Euthanasia Euthanasia occurs in all societies, including those in which it is held to be immoral and illegal. Euthanasia occurs under the guise of secrecy in societies that secrecy is mandatory. The first priority for the care of patients facing severe pain as a result of a terminal illness or chronic condition should be the relief of their pain. Relieving the patient's psychosocial and other suffering is as important as relieving the patient's pain.
Western laws against passive and voluntary euthanasia have slowly been eased, although serious moral and legal questions still exist. Some opponents of euthanasia have feared that the increasing success that doctors have had in transplanting human organs might lead to abuse of the practice of euthanasia. It is now generally understood, however, that physicians will not violate the rights of the dying donor in order to help preserve the life of the organ recipient.
To require comparable health status reports as requirements for the right-to-die organisations might be difficult to pursue. The American Journal of Bioethics, , This practice received much attention when a U.
This view has been widely adopted. This behavior is engaged by the healthcare provider based on their humanistic desire to end suffering and pain. We compare attitudes of 49 psychiatrists towards euthanasia and assisted suicide with a group of 54 other physicians by means of a questionnaire describing different patients, who either requested physician-assisted suicide or in whom euthanasia as a treatment option was considered, followed by a set of questions relating to euthanasia implementation.
When controlled for religious practice, psychiatrists expressed more conservative views regarding euthanasia than did physicians from other medical specialties. Similarly female physicians and orthodox physicians indicated more conservative views. Differences may be due to factors inherent in subspecialty education.
We suggest that in light of the unique complexity and context of patient euthanasia requests, based on their training and professional expertise psychiatrists are well suited to take a prominent role in evaluating such requests to die and making a decision as to the relative importance of competing variables.
The British Journal of Psychiatry, , , This editorial suggests that psychiatrists should engage in the debate because the issues at stake will affect us, and we are likely to have a significant part to play were the law to be changed. A postal survey of 3, U.
The majority of U. Palliative medicine specialists are particularly opposed. A strong religious belief is independently associated with opposition to assisted dying. Frequency of treating patients who die is not independently associated with attitudes.
Many doctors supporting legalisation also express reservations and advocate safeguards; many doctors opposing legalisation believe and accept that treatment and nontreatment decisions may shorten life. It is hoped that future debates about legalisation can proceed with this evidence in mind. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy , , doi: However, several recent papers have claimed this to be grounded in a misconception of the normative relevance of autonomy.
It has been argued that autonomy is properly conceived of as a value, and that this makes assisted suicide as well as euthanasia wrong, since they destroy the autonomy of the patient. This paper evaluates this line of reasoning by investigating the conception of valuable autonomy. Starting off from the current debate in end-of-life care, two different interpretations of how autonomy is valuable is discussed.
According to a second interpretation, inspired by Kantian ethics, being autonomous is unconditionally valuable, which may imply a duty to preserve autonomy. It sounds like you are only looking at your topic from the perspective that there should be assisted suicide and euthanasia. I think that you should also consider the opposite perspective of the situation the reasons why there should not be assisted suicide and euthanasia.
That way, you will have a broader understanding of your topic. You could also try to find useful statistics, such as about the percentage of people for and against assisted suicide and euthanasia in Canada, in order to introduce the issue. You also seem to be focusing on the lack of resources for assisted suicide as the reason behind this issue. It might be useful to research and find out about other reasons and solutions to this issue in order to get a bigger picture of your social issue.
Then, you can analyze the effects of assisted suicide on the family and friends of the individual who wants to end their life or who has already ended their life through assisted suicide. I think that you should think about using the political science discipline, as well, as a major area of interest because you are also considering the legal system and its role in your social issue. Skip to main content.
What are the psychological consequences of depriving people from fundamental human right of life? Psychology What would be the implications on general population to provide more resources to people who desire to end their life with consent? Related Issues Crime and Law.
Physician Assisted Suicide, Is it Right or Wrong SOC May 9, Physician Assisted Suicide, Is it Right or Wrong? The ethical issues of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) are both emotional and controversial, as it ranks right up there with abortion.
Assisted Suicide Research Paper October 24, writer Research Papers 0 Euthanasia is one of the solutions for people suffering from various incurable diseases and sicknesses that are too painful for them to handle.
In conclusion, assisted suicide in its controversies has over the time been done for what humans believe is for the good of the person. Some unbearable medical conditions have prompted medical practitioners to carry out assisted suicide. Physician Assisted Suicide research papers discuss the ethical problems that occur with the issue of physician assisted suicide. Euthanasia and Medical Ethics research papers examine how the AMA views physician assisted suicide. Order a research paper on Euthanasia from Paper Masters.
- Physician assisted suicide Physician assisted suicide, a suicide made possible by a physician providing a patient with the means to kill themselves, and euthanasia, the . Assisted Suicide Research Paper This sample Assisted Suicide Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper.