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Citing References in Scientific Research Papers

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MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics

How to Format an in Text Citation
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The types of citations vary with the preference of each teacher, subject or institution. Scientific papers typically use a AMA format. Cite your source in-text by using superscript numerals. Number the citations in the order in which they appear in the text?. Gather the information about the article you are citing. You will need the following basic information: If the journal does not have a volume or issue number, use the issue date , issue number of Volume and page numbers.

A journal article citation in this style should look as follows:. Smith J, Canton EM. Weight-based administration of dalteparin in obese patients. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. Works appear in the same order as used in the manuscript. Use the following as an example:. Parsons found that naked mole rats dig six times faster in desert soils than dung beetles do. Naked mole rats dig six times faster in desert soils than dung beetles do Parsons Be sure to list any sources you cite in the text in the Literature Cited section, and only those that you cite.

As a rule of thumb, if there is more than one author of a source, simply use the first author's last name, followed by et al. This is Latin for "and others". The complete list of authors will appear in the full citation at the end of your paper. Your Literature Cited should appear in alphabetical order by first author, and by year if there are multiple sources by the same author s. Underline journal and book titles, but not the titles of individual articles in journals or edited multi-authored books.

Use the following as examples for citing various kinds of sources with thanks to M. Glimpsing the hidden majority. Phosphotization of soft tissue in experiments and fossils. Journal of the Geological Society Seattle Times , January 5th, p.

Citation–Sequence and Citation–Name

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Citing References in Scientific Research Papers. Compiled by Timothy T. Allen, revised This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory earth science courses at Dartmouth College.

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Scientific Style and Format presents three systems for referring to references (also known as citations) within the text of a journal article, book, or other scientific publication: 1) citation–sequence; 2) name–year; and 3) citation–name. These abbreviated references are called in-text references.

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As a rule of thumb, if there is more than one author of a source, simply use the first author's last name, followed by et al. (e.g. [Parsons et al. ]). This is Latin for "and others". The complete list of authors will appear in the full citation at the end of your paper. Scientific papers typically use a AMA format. Cite your source in-text by using superscript numerals. Number the citations in the order in which they appear in the text?.

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Apa Style in Text Citations. The American Psychological Association standard (APA-standard) is used in most social and psychological papers, and variations of the author/date style are used by many scientific justappclose.tk this style, after every paraphrase, you include the surname of . Some journals,e.g., Science, use a number system to give the text reference. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.