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In north Kerala, damage by waves was reported from Kozhikode and Kannur districts. The countries which reported death toll higher than India were Indonesia and Sri Lanka. The Jaffna peninsula also suffered heavy casualties. High death toll was also reported from Phuket island of Thailand.
Besides a large number of tourists from Europe, North America, South America and Australia who had come to the tsunami affected countries to celebrate Christmas and New year also lost their lives. Property worth crores of rupees has been damaged as a result of attack by tsunamis.
Infrastructural elements like houses, public buildings, transport and communication system etc. Sea water even entered the nuclear power plant at Kalpakkam which was closed for a number of days. In Sri Lanka, rail tracks were twisted near Colombo and a train was derailed in which about 1, persons were killed. According to preliminary findings of the government of India, the coastal areas of India, which include large coastal tracts of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry and Kerala, have suffered financial losses of billions of rupees.
The financial loss in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands was pegged at Rs. Tsunamis of 26th December were so strong that they could bring about drastic physiographic changes in different parts of the world. Satellite pictures of the tsunami affected areas show conspicuous changes in Chennai particularly Adyar river course as well as Trinket Katchall and Camorta Islands of the Andaman and Nicobar. Water level in many islands had risen, number of beaches in many islands like Campbell Bay had vanished and Trinket Island was split into two.
Car Nicobar, which was worst affected sank to some extent. Indira Point, the southern-most tip of the Indian Union, was almost completely washed out, shrinking the coastline inland. These islands are hardly to km from the origin of tsunamis and had to face the worst fury of the killing waves.
In Maldives, of the islands were substantially damaged and 19 inhabited islands were swept away. Many of the smaller islands near the coast of Sumatra have either disappeared or they have been deformed by the force of the earthquake. According to the U. Geological Survey many of the small islands of the southwest coast of Sumatra might have moved to the southwest by as much as 20 metres.
Geological Survey expert Ken Herdnut, the northwestern tip of Sumatra may also have shifted to the southwest by about 36 metres. Collision of the Indian and the Burmese plate created a fault 1, km long and km wide in the Indian Ocean. The latest data available through the Global Positioning System GPS has shown that under impact of the earthquake, almost whole of south-east Asia moved eastward by a few centimetres.
The US Geological Survey also expressed the opinion as expressed by Ken Herdnut that tremendous energy released by the earthquake made the earth wobble on its axis. This had caused the planet to spin 3 microseconds or one millionth of a second faster and to tilt about 2. In other words, day is shortened by about 3 microseconds and the North Pole has shifted towards east Siberia by 2. Vast low lying coastal areas were submerged under sea water which increased the salinity of the soil and reduced agricultural production.
Cuddalore and Nagapattinam districts in Tamil Nadu were the worst affected. Tests conducted on soil samples from these districts showed that sea water had seeped to a depth of about 90 cm of soil, thereby totally affecting the root zone cm below ground. Soil profile tests showed high salinity varying from 6. This is highly saline condition in which no paddy crop could be cultivated. In Nagapattinam district alone, more than 9, hectares of land had been rendered unfit for cultivation by increased salinity.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Essay on the Tsunami of 26th December ! On 26th December , the Indian Ocean was hit by tsunamis which are considered to be the most catastrophic in the living memory of the inhabitants of the coastal areas of this ocean. It was caused by a severe earthquake which measured on the Richter [ ].
Free Essay: On December 26, the world experienced the most devastating natural disaster to hit the Indian Ocean. It was classified as a tsunami, a.
Essay on Tsunami, December 26th the disaster that was caused by the Tsuanmi, and it takes a look into its sociological persepctives. There has been an abounding number of earthquakes and tsunamis, but the Indian Earthquake/Tsunami was the most tragic one that has ever happened. For just the reparation it costs 19 trillion U.S. dollars, additionally acres of land were destroyed. This is the Indian Earthquake/Tsunami of
Essay on tsunami - Instead of worrying about essay writing get the necessary assistance here Best HQ academic services provided by top professionals. #1 reliable and trustworthy academic writing aid. 3. Essay on Tsunami The Sumatran Tsunami of - Words. remains. Yesterday at around am a huge earthquake of magnitude shook the seabed of the Indian Ocean, km off the coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.