Personality Disorder of Holden Caulfield. Salinger created the character of Holden Caulfield, an adolescent boy who is faced with the obstacles of both society and life as he struggles to find direction.
In many respects, Holden seems not unlike the typical teenager: Yet unlike the typical teenager, Holden's mental state becomes decreasingly stable throughout the book and the audience learns that he has been admitted to a mental hospital. While it may appear that Holden Caulfield is plagued by a severe mental illness such as manic depressive disorder, the truth, however, is much more benign. The deterioration of his mental state is brought on by a compelling family tragedy which aggravates his existing anxiety and depression and, as a result, develops into narcissistic…… [Read More].
Traits of a Political Leader. Politicians and politics are terms that usually elicit fascination in nearly every conversation and discussion. Actually, it seems like people have some fascination with evaluation of political leaders resulting in the fact that biographies of current political figures become best sellers.
In addition, the tragedies and triumphs of political leaders attract huge public attention as they become newspaper headlines. One of the major reasons for the increased fascination is because of curiosity about the personal characteristics, individual preferences, decision making processes, and the beliefs and work of these leaders. However, most of the analysis and learning about the personalities and leadership styles of these leaders is always carried out in a cursory manner.
People have been forced to rely on analysis of what political leaders say as a means of learning their individual characteristics and leadership styles Hermann, Nonetheless, it's still important to examine and understand the…… [Read More].
Personality Theorist Sigmund Freud's Period. When considering leaders and their followers, Freud believed that some people were meant to be controlled as a result of their laziness and of their instinctual abandonment. These individuals influence each-other in adopting an indifferent attitude with regard to their own fate.
They are saved by people who are capable to set an example through their strength of will and who take on managerial positions in order to control the masses Rosenfels One of the reasons for which Freud expressed dissatisfaction with his experience in the U.
He believed that one had to control his…… [Read More]. Personality Theory Carl Sagan Wrote. The ceased to exist when the star stops to expand and melts -- when it can will itself to shine again and starts looking for ways to become a shining star again -- when it becomes a star, it becomes a nuclear reactor. A nuclear reactor is defined a device in which a nuclear fission chain reaction occurs under controlled conditions so that the heat yield can be harnessed or the neutron beams utilized and all commercial reactors are thermal reactors, using a moderator to slow down the neutrons Glossary of Uranium Industry Terms, n.
The human existence will have no say at the time of our death for we are just particles -- a tiny piece of an atom that can all be destroyed with a nuclear reactor. The humans evolved through the dreams made by the singularity, each vision it sees creates what we have now. If it…… [Read More]. Personality and Personalities Everyone Has a Personality. Everyone has a personality, their own unique collection of traits and characteristics.
The facets of a person's personality may be partly inherited and partly the result of the person's life experiences. In the personality disorder, the person has inflexible traits and patterns of behavior not typical of most people and that cause the person to function poorly in life. Believing that others have it in for them, they avoid close relationships. They find proof that their suspicions are justified in the actions of others, which they perceive as either threatening or putting them down in some way.
They are highly critical…… [Read More]. Personality Is a Branch of Psychology That. Personality is an organized and dynamic set of characteristics possessed uniquely by individual, and influenced by emotion, cognitions, motivation, and environment. In other words, the personality is referred as pattern of feelings, thoughts; social adjustments as well as behaviors exhibited by individual that strongly influence one's self-perceptions, expectations, attitudes and values.
Humanistic Theory The paper uses the Humanistic theory to explain the concept personality. The humanistic theory argues that people generally possess freewill that determines the way they behave. The reason for chosen humanistic theory to explain personality concept is that the theory focuses on individual subjective experiences and definitive factors that determine human behaviors. The basic idea of humanistic theory is that it focuses on the present rather than the future.
The goal of humanistic theory is to assist…… [Read More]. Psychology The author of this report is to answer to two different psychology-related questions. The first question asks the author of this report to speak to how certain career people would tend to fit into the five factor model. The second and final question asks the author of this report to take an online personality assessment and share the results.
While making broad generalizations about the first of those two questions would be unwise, there are patterns and trends that would make themselves clear and personality tests like the one taken in the second question would be much more precise.
Questions Answered The five factors of the Five Factor grouping are openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. The president of a corporation would absolutely tend to have extraversion and neuroticism as the main foci.
To be specific, they would tend to be secure and confident as well as…… [Read More]. Personality and Effect on Project Management. Personalized Project Management The personality portrayed by 'the Coordinator' traits is such that he pays too much attention to details and criticizes almost every step of a project. He likes gathering sufficient information before making ad decision and are highly critical of the information they receive from people and sources. They are people who strive for orderliness and correctness with pursuit for factual data and logical arguments.
Even after getting the data or information, these are people who will test and analyze the data before using it to make any decisions. They are known to fear irrational acts and impulsive decisions hence known as systematic managers Rob P. Due to these traits, the best project that such a manager can undertake in the business world is the duty of project monitoring and evaluation for the projects that the organization engages itself in.
Personality and Emotional Development. Raising Well-Socialized Children It could be argued that the goal of raising children is to produce adults who function well in society. However, a quick look at the evening news or a newspaper tells us that some children turn into productive adults who function well while others, even as children have great difficulty conforming to society's most minimal standards. Some people even as children act with aggression and hostility; for instance, researchers report in instance of two ten-year-old children recently convicted of murder Scott, We know how to raise well-socialized children in theory.
The reality, however, is that in addition to whatever innate qualities a child is born with, As children grow up, they are exposed to a variety of environments. The first environment is within themselves: Some are more easy-going, and some more easily irritated.
Some disorders that can negatively affect…… [Read More]. Personality Disorders and Deviant Behavior. Sociology Determination of the Normative Definition of Abnormality and Deviance Though what is normal and abnormal is socioculturally relative, a normative definition of deviant or abnormal is possible.
Every culture regards specific behaviors as good or normal or right. Those behaviors vary from culture to culture, place to place, and over time, yet the standards or dichotomies of behaviors exist. Once one end of the spectrum, good or normal, are named, the behaviors antithetical those are outlined as well, meaning what is deviant or abnormal.
Normative definitions of deviance and abnormality that recognize the sociocultural relativism of such terms function on two levels, according to Chapter Normative definitions function on the level of what is culturally universal, meaning that there exist sets of norms per every culture. Normative definitions also function on what is culturally specific, meaning what sets of norms exist per individual culture.
Deviance and abnormality need…… [Read More]. Effective or Ineffective Trait Leadership. Published in , Northouse's book Leadership: Theory and Practice goes into great detail as to what constitutes trait leadership and what behaviors and values do not qualify vis-a-vis trait leadership.
Northouse isn't alone in providing narrative that defines and describes trait leadership. In the book The Anatomy of Leadership West, , the author asserts that trait leadership "makes the assumption" that there are "distinctive physical and psychological characteristics" -- above and beyond standard leadership -- that account for the effectiveness of a leader. Those traits include "height, attractiveness, intelligence,…… [Read More]. Vocational Management Personality and Diversity. Management Skills and Tactics in Relation to Diversity and Individual Employees Supervisors and managers in the vocational environment must develop the ability to recognize potential situations that can arise in connection with negative expectations in relation to diversity in the workplace.
Personality Theories in Psychology To the layperson, the term personality is a generic descriptor for an individual's traits. However, personality has a more specific meaning to psychologists.
While different psychologists and their theories have become well-known enough to be referenced in casual conversation, there is still some confusion among laypeople about personality theory and whether all personality theories are basically the same. That confusion is understandable, because there are different approaches to the study of personality, buy they all purport to give functioning descriptions of the individual.
Therefore, while personality theories should be comprehensive enough to describe…… [Read More]. Psychology Personality Psychology Personality, a term rooted from the Latin word "persona" means 'mask'. According to Allport , personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to the environment.
It also refers to the characteristic set of views, feelings and behaviors constantly reflected in an individual's conduct over time Flanagan C. These characteristics are relatively stable, implying that a certain human being generally behaves in a typical manner. Further elaborated by Allport , there are two ways to study personality, namely, the 'nomothetic' and the 'idiographic'. The former of the two studies personality by contriving general laws that can be applied to different people, such as the traits of 'self-actualization' or 'extraversion'.
The latter of the two approaches to study personality uses all the unique attributes of a certain individual to understand personality. There are three methods to study personality…… [Read More].
Individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorder frequently lack empathy, tend to be manipulative and impulsive. Those traits positively correlate those individuals to commit violent crime such as felony assault. Even though it is said that Antisocial Personality Disorder is a genetic problem, there are many environmental factors that trigger the onset of this disorder. One of such triggers is disturbed family relations.
When any sort of traumatic events take place in the life of a person, this creates a problem in the normal development of the central nervous system that in turn leads to a disturbed pattern of hormone production.
Researchers have discovered a number of neurotransmitters that might have a role to play in the development of ASPD in an individual, and one of such hormones is serotonin Black, Hillary Clinton Personality A person cannot develop apart from what they were initially given and what happens to them on a day by day basis. The subject of this report is no different in that respect, but she is very different from most with regard to her ambition and life course.
For eight years she had to play the part of devoted wife and sublimate her true self. This essay traces Secretary Clinton's development from a little girl in suburban Chicago, to the person who holds one of the most powerful positions on Earth.
Sulfaro notes that Hillary Clinton was a more polarizing figure, in many respects, than the First Lady who directly followed her and many of those who came before.
Sulfaro's research did not indicate…… [Read More]. Treatment and therapy for the condition is sought after clinical psychologists, in most cases when they face multiple court charges, diagnose the patient. Treatment of the condition entails the use of behavioral treatments like reward and punishment methods in psychology. A patient with antisocial personality disorder is rewarded for displaying the correct behavior, under the positive reinforcement method.
Negative reinforcement entails promise and use negative consequences for any illegal behavior the patient displays. The best form of treatment for children and adolescents diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder involve the training of parents and guardians to handle them.
The parent or guardian is taught how to recognize problems in behavior early that indicate the beginning of problems. They are taught how to use praise and privileges to encourage positive social behaviors, and denial of privileges to discourage antisocial behaviors. The continuous positive and negative reinforcement conditions the individual to uphold positive…… [Read More].
Efficacy of Personality Disorder Treatments Abnormal Psychology The paper reviews literature regarding the nature of personality disorders and known treatments. The paper argues that there is no definitive cure-all for personality disorders. The paper also advocates for increased attention and research in the area of personality disorders regarding treatments and variation of treatment strategies. The paper explains the causes of personality disorders, the treatments available, the perceptions of personality disorders in the medical and general communities, and proposes methods personality disorders may be freshly perceived and treated.
Determining the Efficacy of Personality Disorder Treatments Personalities are the consistent behavior and mental characteristics and patterns that each individual has. Personality disorders are disorders that describe prevalent ways in which people's experiences and behaviors are not aligned with relative cultural norms or expectations. Areas that personality disorders affect patients are impulse control, emotional expression and comprehension, and cognition.
Personality disorders refer to…… [Read More]. Psychology Theories of Personality Focus on Inner. Psychology Theories of personality focus on inner traits of individuals, which may or may not be viewed as static.
While all these theories share in common their goal to explain, analyze, and understand human behavior in terms of personality explanations, there are important differences in these main approaches.
The differences will affect theory but also practice of psychology. Behaviorism was one of the earliest expressions of psychological inquiry. Therefore, it makes sense to begin with an understanding of behavioral theories of personality. Behaviorism suggests that individual behavior is the key to understanding personality. Because of its emphasis on behavior rather than emotion or cognition, behavioral theories of personality are relatively weak and limited in scope.
However, it is still worth understanding the…… [Read More]. The paper cover areas. Biological and humanistic approaches to personality: An overview of the debate Biological theories have become increasingly popular in the field of psychology, as scientists seek to understand the roots of human behavior. Several reasons are at the heart of this shift in emphasis from 'nurture' to 'nature': A change in the physical matter or the environment of the brain can result in a change in personality.
The second is the expansion of psychopharmacology, whereby aspects of the human character once thought beyond conscious control, such as hyperactivity or a tendency towards melancholy, can be shifted when medications change the individual's brain chemistry.
Because of its focus on language analysis, this line of research is also called the lexical approach. Today, there is a wide range of theoretical perspectives regarding Big Five research. Researchers in the lexical tradition such as Lewis R. Goldberg and Gerard Saucier have been content to describe the structure of personality traits without attempting to explain their causes or consequences. Others have focused on relatively specific aspects of the Big Five.
Interpersonal researchers such as Jerry S. Wiggins examined the relationship patterns that are associated with certain personality characteristics central to social interactions. Based on increasing evidence for a genetic basis of the Big Five, David M.
Buss and other evolutionary psychologists have studied the implications of certain trait configurations for reproduction and survival.
According to FFT, personality traits are genetically based biological dispositions. Although our standing on the five basic tendencies is thought to remain generally stable over time, characteristic adaptations may change. For example, a woman who is high in Neuroticism basic tendency may develop coping strategies characteristic adaptations that help her deal with stressful situations, and this allows her to take on a challenging new job objective biography.
Nevertheless, she is still high in Neuroticism and remains more emotionally sensitive than the average person. Measurement The Big Five are commonly measured by asking people to describe themselves on questionnaires.
Some measures are simply lists of person-descriptive words e. These biologically based tendencies also referred to as temperament evolve into differentiated personality traits over the course of childhood. The familiar Big Five structure was found in children as young as elementary school level and appears to be firmly established by adolescence. On average, people become less neurotic and extraverted and more agreeable and conscientious.
Openness peaks in young adulthood and declines thereafter. After the age of 30, personality remains comparatively stable, although small changes continue in these same directions. Although average levels of adult personality remain relatively stable, individual changes are of course possible. Depressive episodes, for example, are associated with an increase in Neuroticism. With the onset of dementia, people become more distress prone or higher in Neuroticism and less conscientious.
In comparison to personality changes related to psychological disorders, changes in response to significant life events such as marriage or divorce are usually small and not very consistent across different studies. For instance, people who score high in Neuroticism are more likely to abuse drugs if they are also low in Conscientiousness, and people with clinical depression have less chance of recovery if they are not only high in Neuroticism but also low in Extraversion.
Emergence of the Five-Factor Model. Annual Review of Psychology 41 — A FiveFactor Theory perspective 2nd ed. We can write a custom essay. The Dad of the family, Stephen aged 52 ,is a heart surgeon who travels around the world working for charities. The mum of the family is called Marisa aged 50,she is an ex catwalk model, now fixated on plastic surgery to keep her body looking young.
Their Daughter Alice aged 25 is a successful shop owner of high end clothing, also with a clientele who Termed by Carl Jung, collective unconscious offers a respectable insight into the field of analytical psychology. Dawn is at times overall talkative, outgoing, sociable, and interacting at the expense of developing own individual interests and internally based identity. Overly organized, neat, structured and restrained at the expense too often of flexibility, variety, calm, secure, and optimistic.
Is very relaxed, calm, secure and optimistic in life at most times. Is overly kind natured, trusting, and helpful at the expense too often of your own individual development. Is intellectual, curious, imaginative, but possibly not very practical in life.
Being on a team allows for much more perspective rather than just our own. Looking at the Big Five Assessment results we can determine who is the most organized and works best under pressure. We can also tell who has a creative personality and is open to trying new things.
These are all excellent traits to have for a team completing an assignment. When breaking down the team assignments it would be in our best interest to choose someone who pays close attention to detail, is organized, as well as dependable to be our leader. If we chose a procrastinator and someone who is easily anxious we may wind up with a late or unprepared assignment which would cost us points. Looking at the Big Five assessment we can easily determine who has which traits.
For example for a job interview, the Big 5 Personality Test is an extremely good way to somewhat let the employer know if that person is a good candidate for that certain position.
In my opinion it was accurate, for myself. But I would not use the test to define who I am. Due to the fact that it said he was more of an extrovert than an introvert, when in fact he is the opposite.
- Personality Traits and Leadership Styles of Great Leaders Leadership Styles of Great Leaders: Peter Drucker said, “Leadership is lifting a person’s vision to high sights, the raising of a person’s .
Many contemporary personality psychologists believe that there are five basic dimensions of personality, often referred to as the "Big 5" personality traits. The five broad personality traits are extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. 1.
Personality is the expression of a person’s traits according to ones feelings, mentality and behavior. It involves understanding individuals’ traits such as withdrawal and willpower and how various parts of an individual link together to form personality. The five personality traits I chose basically describe me in a nutshell and I guarantee that no one will have the same traits with the same reasons. One personality trait that I have is that I am calm.
Mar 05, · If you will decide to write describe your personality essay like reflective essay, you should find the important point in your life that led to a something good for your professional or other growth. In other words there is no need to write about your whole life.4/4(55). Birth Order Personality Traits Essay Words | 3 Pages Birth Order Personality Traits It is easy to wonder how two children from the same family can turn out so differently, with completely different personalities and ways of solving problems.