Skip Nav

How to Write an Argument Essay Step by Step


❶Here is an example of a strong thesis statement:

What is an Argumentative Essay?

Finding Ideas to Write About
College tips
How to Write a Debate Essay: Simple Principles to Follow

Under your argument, list the supporting evidence so that the most powerful and persuasive evidence is presented first. Then, list potential questions or arguments that may be brought up by the other side, along with different ways to counter them. Finally, organize your outline using headings, subheadings, and bulleted lists, and write out each section in complete, detailed sentences. Identify the form of debate you are using. Each form has its own organizational structure.

You will base your debate outline on that structure. There are two common forms used in schools and competitions. Other forms are simply varieties of these two, changing the amount of time available and the organization of different segments.

Team debates are one of the most common debate forms. In the first half of the debate, each team has two segments to present arguments for their side. In the second half of the debate, each team has two segments to rebut arguments presented in the first half. Lincoln-Douglas debates are set up to allow one side to present their arguments, and then the other team to cross-examine them.

The second team then presents their arguments and has the first team cross-examine them. Finally, each team has an opportunity for a final rebuttal. Whatever form your debate takes, you will have the opportunity to present your side of the issue. Gather all of your research and look for common arguments. On a piece of paper, list different pieces of evidence under each line of argument. This can include quotes, examples, cases, facts, and statistics.

Be sure to note all bibliographical information on your notes. Use the best research at your disposal, not just the first entries on google, in order to find solid evidence. Visit the library and look for peer-reviewed journals for a good selection of research. For every supporting piece of evidence you find for your case, try to find another piece of evidence to counter it. This will help you build your argument later. It is better to include more points than you think you will need, than not doing enough research and lacking evidence.

While the order of your material will be determined by your debate form, the format for your debate outline should follow the basic guidelines for outlining. If you are doing your debate for a class, you were likely presented with a rubric which you should be making sure you are following.

Main headings will probably consist of arguments, while subheadings will contain different pieces of supporting evidence. Each level of the outline has a particular symbol to use. Subheadings use capital letters A, B, C.

Sub-sub headings use Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3. Keep these consistent throughout your outline. Indentation helps you follow the line of argument and keeps your outline organized.

Your case is your primary argument: Start the outline of your debate by compiling a list of evidence that supports your case. Order it so that the most influential and powerful evidence is the first to be presented, mediocre evidence is in the middle, and a final powerful piece is at the end.

For example, you could have legal, moral, and economic support for your case. Aim to have a minimum of three supporting facts or pieces of evidence in your case outline. In debates in particular, quality is better than quantity. You will have the opportunity to rebut or question the arguments presented by the other side. Identify potential arguments they may bring up.

Many opposing arguments will probably be addressed in your research. Brainstorm different ways to counter these arguments during your rebuttal should the opposing side bring it up. This will fortify your position in the debate. Many times their argument will be the opposite of yours, so while your argument lists the pros, theirs is listing the cons of a particular value. If you pay attention to this, you will be able to not only prove their side of the argument invalid, but also help to further promote your own.

Add detail to your outline. When you have made a bare bones outline of your case and rebuttals, begin adding a bit more detail that will benefit either essay writing or debating on the subject. Keep the outline form of headers, sections, and bulleted lists, but write in complete sentences, add in helpful questions and evidence, and make your argument more well rounded than just a list of a few words. Write this more detailed outline as if you were speaking in the debate.

This will help you with wording and understand your own argument, and coming up with logical questions and rebuttals for your opponent. A sound argument will be based on solid evidence that you can back up with if necessary. As you research the main arguments, remember to look for supporting evidence. While the main argument in a debate paper is key, research for the argument response or rebuttal section needs that same evidence just as in a traditional debate speech.

Next, write the introduction to the debate essay. The introduction tells your paper's reader what your chosen issue is and why the issue is important to you.

Most importantly, the introduction explains your position on the issue is as well as providing a brief statement stating why you think you are correct. Also, write your body paragraphs. Each reason that you have for your position or each fact that you present needs to have its own body paragraph. When you state your reason or fact in the paragraph, you must be able to cite research in support of that data. In a debate paper, you cannot simply discuss emotional arguments or reactions to a topic.

As you would in a debate speech, draft a rebuttal paragraph or paragraphs to balance your own asserted arguments. A rebuttal paragraph addresses arguments that might arise from views on the opposite side of your asserted position. Construct the rebuttal paragraphs like the body paragraphs you have already written. Be sure this last paragraph of your paper states the issue, your position, why it is important and why it is the correct one in your researched view. In the conclusion, one way to assert your position is by restating your thesis using different wording.

If you have space to state why the opposing viewpoint is not correct, you can state that in the conclusion as well. The conclusion of your debate paper is also a place to discuss the need for further analysis, examination or citizen involvement of the presented issues. Stating those related concerns can also fit into this conclusion section. Lori Garrett-Hatfield has a B.

Quality papers at the best prices

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

Next, write the introduction to the debate essay. The introduction tells your paper's reader what your chosen issue is and why the issue is important to you. Most importantly, the introduction explains your position on the issue is as well as providing a brief statement stating why you think you are correct.

Privacy FAQs

Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument.

About Our Ads

4 How to Write a College Expository Essay A good introduction in an argumentative essay acts like a good opening statement in a trial. Just like a lawyer, a writer must present the issue at hand, give background, and put forth the main argument -- all in a logical, intellectual and persuasive way. A winning debate has several characteristics that you should know and use when writing own debate essay: logic; a certain position on an issue; proofs and evidences; refuting arguments; Principle 2: choose debate essay topics wisely Basically, a good debate essay topic is any current issue that is of great interest to public and causes heated debates.

Cookie Info

Debate Paper Outline. The outline for the Debate paper—the organization of the paper—is really quite simple. Here’s what it would look like. This is a template. The more of this kind of detail you can get into your outline, the easier it will be to write . How to write a debate essay. Determine whether your students the basic structure of mathematical connections essay debate a write to how. Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing economic subsectors listed in section.