The fault lines of Enriquillo and Plaintain Garden went past each other and emitted a lot of energy. This is what specifically caused the Haiti earthquakes Lies, The reason why this earthquake killed so many people was due to its magnitude and intensity. Its magnitude was 7. This also caused violent shaking of the ground, causing destruction, as well as deaths and injuries.
When the ground shook, anything on it tumbled down. These included buildings, heavy machinery among other things. Morales-Taft, 25 says that no one was aware of the catastrophe. People were caught unaware and could not save their lives. It was not possible to rescue all the people and therefore, so many people lost their lives. There are people who also lost their lives because of trauma.
For example, there were several who were already suffering other diseases Quattara, After realizing what has happened, they may have experienced severe trauma and died. There were other people in hospitals who also succumbed to their injuries. The data collected indicated that about three million people, or more, were affected. Three hundred and sixteen people lost their lives, one million lost their homes and scores others were injured.
The government carried out a survey on damaged buildings and found out that two hundred and fifty thousand homes and thirty thousand commercial buildings had been destroyed Stengel, When this deadly calamity took place, many people had to sleep in the open and get exposed to cold. They did not have food or clothing.
To their relief, so many countries all over the world, positively responded to help Haiti. Some of the agencies including United States Agency for International Development and other humanitarian organizations.
The first help Haiti got was to rescue survivors and treat the injured. Those humanitarian organizations also brought food to the hungry Haitians. The International Charter on Space and Major Disasters was activated, allowing satellite imagery of affected regions to be shared with rescue and aid organisations. Members of social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook spread messages and pleas to send help.
Facebook was overwhelmed by—and blocked—some users who were sending messages about updates. The OpenStreetMap community responded to the disaster by greatly improving the level of mapping available for the area using post-earthquake satellite photography provided by GeoEye, and tracking website Ushahidi coordinated messages from multiple sites to assist Haitians still trapped and to keep families of survivors informed.
Haitians were granted Temporary Protected Status, a measure that permits about , illegal alien Haitians in the United States to stay legally for 18 months, and halts the deportations of 30, more, though it does not apply to Haitians outside the U.
Local and state agencies in South Florida, together with the U. Several orphanages were destroyed in the earthquake. After the process for the adoption of children by families in the U. Jasmine Whitbread, chief executive of Save the Children said: Rescue and relief efforts. Helicopters transfer injured earthquake victims to hospital ship USNS Comfort off the coast of Haiti Rescue efforts began in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, with able-bodied survivors extricating the living and the dead from the rubble of the many buildings which had collapsed.
Treatment of the injured was hampered by the lack of hospital and morgue facilities: Rescue work intensified only slightly with the arrival of doctors, police officers, military personnel and firefighters from various countries two days after the earthquake. From 12 January, the International Committee of the Red Cross, which has been working in Haiti since , has been focusing on bringing emergency assistance to victims of the catastrophe, in close cooperation with its partners within the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, particularly the Haitian Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
Running short of medical supplies, some teams had to work with any available resources, constructing splints out of cardboard and reusing latex gloves. Other rescue units had to withdraw as night fell amid security fears. I have heard the estimate that as many as 20, people will die each day that would have been saved by surgery.
Four other MSF aircraft were also turned away. We cannot accept that planes carrying lifesaving medical supplies and equipment continue to be turned away while our patients die. Priority must be given to medical supplies entering the country.
Aid workers blamed U. The airport was able to support landings a day, up from the 35 a day that the airport gets during normal operation. A spokesman for the joint task force running the airport confirmed that though more flights were requesting landing slots, none were being turned away.
While the Port-au-Prince airport ramp has spaces for over a dozen airliners, in the days following the quake it sometimes served nearly 40 at once, creating serious delays. The supply backup at the airport was expected to ease as the apron management improved, and when the perceived need for heavy security diminished.
Airport congestion was reduced further on 18 January when the United Nations and U. By 14 January, over 20 countries had sent military personnel to the country, with Canada, the United States and the Dominican Republic providing the largest contingents. International rescue efforts were restricted by traffic congestion and blocked roads. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates had previously ruled out dropping food and water by air as too dangerous, by 16 January, U.
The small airstrip suffered damage which rendered it unusable for supply flights until 20 January. Over the first weekend , food packets and 70, water containers were distributed to Haitians, as safe landing areas and distribution centres such as golf courses were secured. There were nearly 2, rescuers present from 43 different groups, with search dogs; the airport had handled tons of relief supplies by the end of the weekend. On 22 January the UN and United States formalised the coordination of relief efforts by signing an agreement giving the U.
The UN also urged organisations to coordinate aid efforts through its mission in Haiti to allow for better scheduling of the arrival of supplies. On 23 January the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors, and most search and rescue teams began to prepare to leave the country.
However, as late as 8 February , survivors were still being discovered, as in the case of Evan Muncie, 28, found in the rubble of a grocery store.
On 10 April, due to the potential threat of mudslides and flooding from the upcoming rainy season, the Haitian government began operations to move thousands of refugees to a more secure location north of the capital. In response to the earthquake, foreign governments offered badly needed financial aid.
On 14 January, the U. President Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal offered interested Haitians free land in Senegal; depending on how many respond to the offer, this could include up to an entire region.
Port-au-Prince, according to an international studies professor at the University of Miami, was ill-equipped before the disaster to sustain the number of people who had migrated there from the countryside over the past ten years to find work.
After the earthquake, thousands of Port-au-Prince residents began returning to the rural towns from which they had come. On 25 January a one-day conference was held in Montreal to assess the relief effort and discuss further plans. Ten percent of it has been delivered, mostly as forgiven debt. The rest is mired in politics and bureaucracy of more than 60 countries and organizations that pledged to help.
Status of the recovery. An estimated 26 million cubic yards 20 million cubic meters remained making most of the capital impassable, and thousands of bodies remained in the rubble. The number of people in relief camps of tents and tarps since the quake was 1. Most of the camps had no electricity, running water, or sewage disposal, and the tents were beginning to fall apart. Crime in the camps was widespread, especially against women and girls. The Haitian government said it was unable to tackle debris clean-up or the resettlement of homeless because it must prepare for hurricane season.
We would ask them as soon as possible to give us the real houses that they said they were going to give us so that our situation could improve. Because the tents are torn, when it rains, rain comes in. We have very exemplary or a very indicative block, Block 6. Land ownership is a particular problem for rebuilding, because so many pre-quake homes were not officially registered. In many cases land ownership was never officially registered. He went on to say that instead of diminishing, the number is on the rise.
Also, he reported that the state has decided to first rebuild downtown Port-au-Prince and a new government center, however reconstruction itself has not yet begun.
Gang leaders or land owners are intimidating the displaced. The earthquake caused massive damage to the buildings, left many people dead and injured, and there were many things Haiti did to help prevent such damage in the future. Haiti is a small country that is located on a peninsula with the Dominican Republic. To the people of Haiti, the day of January 12, was just a normal day just like every other. Nobody was prepared for the tragic events that would leave a huge impact on everybody's lives.
This earthquake was about 6. The aftermath of the earthquake was fatal. This awful earthquake left over , people dead and 1. Also, buildings were caught on fire and burned down along with people.
Haiti earthquake essay A major earthquake desolated Haiti in January, 12 at pm. the magnitude of this earthquake was about 7 struck south-east of Haiti. This earthquake caused major damages affecting about million people.
Haiti Earthquake On January 12, , the country of Haiti was struck by a magnitude earthquake that changed the lives of people living across the nation. The earthquake struck Haiti before 5pm and was centered about 10 miles South East of Port-au-Prince, which is the capital city of Haiti.
Haiti After the Earthquake Essay - The effects caused by earthquakes are devastating. They cause loss of human life and have effects on infrastructure and economy. Earthquakes can happen at any time anywhere. In January 12, an earthquake of a magnitude of hit the nation of Haiti. Haiti Earthquake of - The Haiti Earthquake of was one of the most powerful earthquakes of recent history. It had a magnitude of This massive and destructive earthquake occurred on January 12, at approximately p.m.
The terrible earthquake that stroke Haiti on January 12th, affected around three million people, with between , and , dead (Physics Today, ). Measured 7. 0 according to the earthquake magnitude, the Haiti quake became the most powerful and the most devastating in the region over the last years (Physics Today, ). 7. Haiti Earthquake Essay Words | 9 Pages. Earthquakes have afflicted the world since its inception. The sudden release of energy from volcanoes or displacing of earth plates can result in disasters of extreme magnitude.