Click to see full definition with images. A two-piece garment fastener consisting of a small metal hook on one side of an opening, which catches onto either an embroidered loop or a small metal hook or bar the eye sewn to the other side.
Usually either sits upright against the neck, or folds down to lay along collarbone or shoulders. May be made from matching, or contrasting fabrics. There are many styles and variations ranging from practical or purely for […] Popularized style due to the resistance of miniskirts. Especially worn by women and girls. On a dress or gown, can be […] This construction is said to have originated when a British General in the Crimean War, Lord Raglan, had coats with this sleeve constructed for himself after he lost an arm in the charge of the Light Brigade in Historically, ruching was a trimming made by pleating bands of fabric and stitching the pleats in place.
These bands were sewn onto various parts of the garment. This creates a more or less visible line on the surface of a garment. Many different kinds of seam constructions are used, depending on whether the seam is a decorative element of the design, the kind of fabric used, or how much stress is placed on the seam.
The following are several of the most commonly used seam types. Plain seam is made by placing the right sides of two garment pieces together and sewing the seam on the under side of the fabric. When the pieces are opened, the seam will be on the inside of the garment. Some type of seam finish may be needed to prevent the seam from raveling.
Many plain seams are made on a machine called a serger that uses a looping stitch to cover over the edges of the seam and keep it from raveling. Flat felled seam or a simulated flat felled seam is often used in sturdy blue jeans. A very durable seam, it has a double row of stitching that holds the seam down. French seams are used on very sheer and delicate fabrics and require several steps in which a seam is sewn on the right side of the fabric, then the right sides of the fabric are placed together and another row of stitching is made that encloses the original seam.
The manufacturer can then compare the apparel produced by the contractor to see if its quality is comparable to that of the sample. After dyeing, the stitching is removed and the crinkled areas released. The areas protected from the dye by the stitching and gathering absorb the dye in irregular patterns characteristic of these fabrics. Very popular in the s and in other periods when unfitted styles are popular. One innovation in this style in the s was the incorporation of a diagonal dart running from the side seam to the bustline.
In comparison, a sheath is a simple, straight, but fitted dress in which vertical darts, bust darts, and shaping from side seams provide the fit. Counterfeit copies of these bags are often sold by street vendors.
In the global economy, sources may be domestic or international. Applied in rows or, more often, in complex ornamental patterns to decorate ares of a garment. Sequins, which are usually round and fairly small, and paillettes, which are larger and made in different shapes, are the most common types of spangles. They are often combined with beads in decorating evening dresses, handbags, and other accessories. Today the term activewear is more likely to be applied to clothing for active sports.
Sportswear is considered by many to be a major contribution of American design to clothing styles world wide. The first such material was trademarked in East Germany under the name of Malimo. Techniques for making stitch-bonded fabrics include laying warp and weft yarns across each other without interlacing and then using a sewing or knitting stitch to hold them together, sewing pile yarns to a woven or knitted base, and sewing a web of fibers together.
Such fabrics can be used for apparel, household textiles, and industrial textiles. They have price advantages over knitting or weaving in that they require less yarn or fiber and can be produced more rapidly. All items in one SKU would be identical in style, color, size, or other characteristics. For example, a polyester gathered skirt, size 12, in navy blue would be assigned to a different SKU than the same navy blue polyester skirt in size This legislation enforced by the Federal Trade Commission requires that textile products be labeled as to fiber content.
The specific information that must be on the label is this: Each fiber in the textile must appear on the label as a percent of total fiber content and must be listed by generic name the trademark name may also be listed, but is not required with the largest quantity first, next largest quantity second, etc. If less than 5 percent of a particular fiber is present, it must be designated as other fiber unless it has a specific benefit or purpose in the fabric, such as an elastic fiber.
Nothing appearing on the label may indicate the presence of a fiber that is not part of the product. The unprotected area takes up the dye, the tied area does not.
To get multicolored effects, the fabric can be tied in other areas and dipped in another colored dye. This process can be repeated as often as desired. When tie-dyed fabrics become fashionable, imitations of these designs are often made by machine printing. Fullness is released at the end of the stitching.
Tucks and pleats are similar, but tucks are smaller, often being only an inch or less in width. Often a number of tucks are made in the same area.
Sometimes they are turned to the outside of a garment as ornamentation. Watteau back The back of a garment in which box pleats are placed at the center back and the fabric released by these pleats falls loosely to the bottom of the garment. The name of this style derives from Jean Antoine Watteau, a French artist of the 18th century, in whose paintings women wore dresses with this design feature.
The name was not applied to these designs until the 19th century. Today the style continues to be popular, especially in nightgowns and robes. Lengthwise or warp yarns are placed on the loom first, and crosswise or weft also called filling yarns are interlaced with the warps. There are three basic weaves: In the plain weave, yarns in the first row of the weft cross over one warp yarn, under one, over one, etc. In the second row, the weft passed under the first warp, over the second, under the third, etc.
The third row follows the same pattern as the first. This is the simplest weave. By varying the kinds of yarns used, color of yarns, and size of yarns, many different fabrics can be produced. If several rows of weft yarns cross over several rows of warp yarns at a time, a variation of the plain weave called the basket weave can be made. In the twill weave, weft yarns interlace with warp yarns in a specified regular pattern. The resulting fabric has a diagonal line called a wale on the surface.
For the satin weave, weft yarns float over then interlace with warp yarns in patterns that do not produce a diagonal line. By using loosely twisted filament fibers with high luster, the characteristic sheen of satin fabrics is produced. More complicated patterns produced on special looms, such as the dobby or jacquard, utilize combinations of the basic weaves to achieve very decorative fabrics.
Knits may be made from one long, continuous yarn as in hand knitting or from sets of yarns. In weft knits, yarns run and interlock across the fabric. In warp knits, the yarns run or interlock in the lengthwise direction. Hand knitting is a form of weft knitting, but weft knits are also made on machines. Weft knits stretch more than warp knits.
If stitches break, a run or ladder forms in the lengthwise direction. The most common types of weft knits are jersey also called single or plain knits in which all stitches are pulled to the same side of the fabric, so that one side of the fabric is smooth and the other side has loops. Knitted velour, terrycloth, fleece, imitation furs, plush, and other knitted pile fabrics are weft knits, as are doubleknits.
Warp knits are more stable and resist runs. The most common fabrics made by warp knitting are tricots, which are made in varying weights, and raschel knits which can be made in complicated patterns that simulate lace or crochet.
The fibers that are made into yarns can be long, continuous strands, called filaments, which can be twisted together loosely or more tightly. Filament yarns are made from either silk or manufactured fibers. Short, staple fibers cotton, wool, linen, or manufactured fibers or silk cut into short lengths must be twisted so that they will hold together to form a yarn.
Yarns may be classified according to the number of parts. A single yarn is just one yarn, a ply yarn consists of two or more single yarns twisted together, and a cord yarn is made of two or more ply yarns twisted together. Yarns with a regular surface and diameter are called simple yarns. Those made to create decorative effects are known as novelty or fancy yarns. By varying the structure of yarns, an enormous number of different types of yarns and decorative effects can be created.
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Check the link in bio for more details. After a major backlash on social media, revolve issued an apology for the LPA x Lena Slogan shirts, one of which that said: Closing out NYFW with a range of colors that pop on all fabrics. Learn more about new colors from Pantone specifically for polyester materials at pantone. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article includes a list of references , related reading or external links , but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations.
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Current fashion descriptions use the term ruching to refer to clothing with large areas of fullness gathered in to form a rippled effect. Historically, ruching was a trimming made by pleating bands of fabric and stitching the pleats in place.
DO you know your neats from your knife-pleats; your lettuce hems from your unitards; and your vents from your yokes? It's about to all be cleared up. We've plucked terminology that you can find all over the catwalks - season in, season out - to help you put your fashion reporter cap on .
Jan 12, · Actually, learning about interesting new styling ideas and designers is what keeps the fashion wheel spinning, making for fresh outfits on our Instagram feeds that we end up re-creating ourselves. In alone, we were introduced to a whole glossary of Home Country: US. Clothing terminology ranges from the arcane (watchet, a pale blue color name from the 16th century) to the everyday, and changes over time in response to fashion which .
Fashion and clothing vocabulary, Fashion and clothing word list - a free resource used in over 24, schools to enhance vocabulary mastery & written/verbal skills with Latin & Greek roots. fashion is the most general term and applies to any way of dressing, behaving, writing, or performing that is favored at any one time or place. the current fashion .