An online portal called the Central Pollution Control Board CPCB provides air quality data from government-operated air quality monitoring stations across the country. Other NCR and surrounding cities which are heavily polluted like Noida, Faridabad and Alwar were at rank 8, 11 and 12 respectively. This list was prepared based on the annual average Air Quality Index values from 51 cities across India in AQI is calculated on the basis of the number of pollutants such as particulate matter and gases, including SO2, NO2, and ammonia, in the atmosphere.
Children are at the high-risk end of pollution-related diseases, as exposures to even small amounts of certain chemicals during early infancy can cause life-long disability and death. A study by the Indian Journal of Paediatrics shows that children who grow up in polluted environments like Delhi have a lung size that is 10 percent smaller compared to that of children in the U.
The Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act enacted in and amended in , works towards the prevention, control, and abatement of air pollution. Apart from that, the government of India is taking some big leaps and some small in their measures to curb pollution. Delhi had an AQI above in November and that was when the city was enveloped in toxic smog.
The government had to take drastic measures such as closing the schools, hiking parking charges and declaring a public health emergency to combat the problem. It was the poor AQI rating of Delhi that made the government implement the system of odd and even cars wherein vehicles having a number plate ending with an odd number could run on the road one day and the ones with an even number the following day.
Other measures included a five-day ban on construction and demolition and a day ban on operations for a coal-power station just south of Delhi.
Several cities in India are currently working towards a ban on plastic bags which not only pollute the environment but pose a threat to the marine life and animals like cows. The government should take other initiatives like developing better public transportation facilities which will encourage more people to use them. Governments must also come up with policies in helping disposal of crop wastes which are otherwise burnt by the farmers.
Policies like converting paddy straw into livestock feed, compost, the raw material for power generation, biofuel production will eventually take India towards its goal of green energy. Also, an effective measure would be to implement the carbon tax which is a fee imposed on the burning of carbon-based fuels coal, oil, gas.
The government will need to work hand in hand with the population to fast-track the shift towards cleaner and greener sources of energy. With understanding the gravity of the problems, comes the initiative from people to take measures for reducing and curbing the pollution levels in our atmosphere to achieve the goal of sustainable development and a good quality of life. These pollutants in the air cause respiratory problems for the animals and have an adverse effect on the crops.
Emissions from factories, vehicles, aeroplanes, household fire are some of the main origins of air pollution in India. Greenhouse gases also mostly contribute to the air pollution. Many factors are responsible for the emission of the gases, which cause pollution. Some of the particles and gases emitted from sources created by humans.
While some sources came into existence naturally. Other source of the air pollution is decomposition of garbage in landfills and disposal of solid wastes which are emitting methane gas dangerous to the health. Rapid growth of population, industrialization, increased use of automobiles, aeroplanes, etc has made this issue a serious environmental problem. The air we breathe every moment is full of pollutants going to our lungs and whole body through blood causing uncountable health problems.
Polluted air is causing damage to the plants, animals and human beings in many direct and indirect ways. If the environmental protection policies are not followed seriously and strictly, the increasing level of air pollution may increase up to one million tons annually in the recent decades.
When the fresh air gets polluted by means of dust, toxic gases, smoke, motor vehicles, mills and factories, etc called air pollution. As we all know that fresh air is the most important element of the healthy life, we need to think that what happens if whole atmospheric air gets dirty. First of all air pollution is the matter of great regret for the whole human fraternity. Some of the big reasons of the air pollution are use of poisonous fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides in the agricultural sectors by the innocent farmers in order to increase the crop production.
Released chemicals and hazardous gases ammonia from such fertilizers are getting mixed into the fresh air and causing air pollution. Burning of fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum including other factory combustibles are the major causes of air pollution.
Variety of smoke emissions from the automobiles such as cars, buses, motorcycles, trucks, jeeps, trains, aeroplanes, etc are also causing air pollution. Increasing number of industries is causing release of toxic industrial smokes and harmful gases like carbon monoxide, organic compounds, hydrocarbons, chemicals, etc from the factories and mills to the environment.
Some indoor activities of the people like innocent use of cleaning products, washing powders, paints etc emits various toxic chemicals to the air. The ever increasing level of air pollution also enhances its negative and harmful effects to the health of living beings. Air pollution is causing global warming to increase because of increasing atmospheric temperature due to the increasing level of green house gases.
Such green house gases again causing green house effect and forcing sea levels to increase, glaciers to melt, weather to change, climate to change, etc. Increasing air pollution is causing many lethal diseases cancer, heart attack, asthma, bronchitis, kidney diseases, etc and death to occur. Various important animals and plants species have been destroyed completely from this planet.
Increasing level of harmful gases in the environment are causing the occurrence of acid rain and depleting the ozone layer. Increasing concentration of the harmful and toxic materials in the fresh air of the atmosphere is causing air pollution.
Variety of foreign particles, toxic gases and other pollutants released from various human activities are affecting the fresh air which has adverse effect to the living beings like human beings, animals and plants. The level of air pollution depends on the type and amount of pollutants released from various sources.
Topographical and meteorological conditions are increasing the spread and concentration of the pollutants. Variety of raw materials used in the manufacturing process in industries is increasing the type and quantum of emissions of harmful gases.
Increasing population density is demanding the need of more industrialization which ultimately causes air pollution. Use natural, environmentally friendly chemicals for your everyday chores. Environmental pollution is one of the biggest problems caused by human activities that we should overcome to see a tomorrow and guarantee our descendants a healthy life. There are many environmental concerns for communities around the world to address. We should always remember that pollution problems affect us all so each of us has to do his or her best to help restore ecological balance to this beautiful place we call home.
Learn about the major polluters in your area to protect the air and water where you live. Encourage people to stop pollution, tell them everything you know about this problem, and protest local polluters together.
The masses should be educated on the danger of different types of pollution. People should know everything about all consequences of the environmental pollution in order to prevent the worst from happening. Types, causes, and effects of pollution Air pollution is one of the most dangerous forms of pollution.
Light pollution Light pollution occurs because of the prominent excess illumination in some areas. Solutions to pollution problems Environmental pollution has negatively affected the life of both animals and human-beings. Conclusion Environmental pollution is one of the biggest problems caused by human activities that we should overcome to see a tomorrow and guarantee our descendants a healthy life.
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Air Pollution Essay 1 ( words) Air pollution is a most serious problem of the current time all over the world especially in the large cities because of the huge level of industrialization. Air pollution is one of the virtual problem nowadays. There are many reasons of it but mostly it is caused by cars, growing cities, development of economy and industrialization. Clean air consist of.
Air pollution is the presence of harmful foreign substances (pollutants) in the atmosphere, emitted by both natural and anthropogenic (human activity) sources. Air pollution is the contamination or presence of unwanted substances in the air making it harmful and detrimental for human and animal health. Environmental pollution is one of the most common essay topics. Essay on pollution can be quite a challenging academic assignment for some students. Consider this free sample essay for effective essay writing. Types, causes, and effects of pollution. Air pollution is one of the most dangerous forms of pollution. A biological, chemical, and.